Recommended Formulas for Total Energy Expenditure (TEE)
#1: NIH Body Weight Planner
Created by Dr. Kevin Hall, National Institute of Health (NIH)
ThemathematicalmodelunderlyingtheNIHBodyWeightPlannersimulateshowhumanenergyexpenditureand bodycompositiondynamicallychangeinresponsetodietandphysicalactivityinterventions.Ithasbeendevelopedusing thebestavailablescience,peer-reviewedandpublishedinoneoftheworld’sleadingmedicaljournalsTheLancet,andhas been repeatedly validated to give accurate predictions using data that were not used to build the model. Ina2012consensusstatementfromtheAmericanSocietyofNutrition,itwasrecommendedthat practitionersadopttheNIHBodyWeightPlannermodelandabandonthe“3500calorieperpound”ruleofthumb that has been erroneously used to relate weight change and calories. TheNIHBodyWeightPlannerhasbeenwidelyadoptedbyinvestigatorsaroundtheworldandhasbeen demonstratedtoprovidemoreaccuratepredictionsthancompetingtoolssuchasthe“WeightLossPredictor”from PenningtonBiomedicalResearchCenterwhichaimedtostimulatelong-termhumanweight-lossdynamicsinresponseto calorie restriction.
Kevin D. Hall, PhD
ReferencesDobbs R, Sawers C, Thompson F, Manyika J, Child P, McKenna S, Spatharou A. Overcoming obesity: An initial economic analysis.McKinsey Global Institute, 2014Guo J, Brager DC, Hall KD. Simulating long-term human weight-loss dynamics in response to calorie restriction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Apr 1;107(4):558-565. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqx080Hall KD, Heymsfield SB, Kemnitz JW, Klein S, Schoeller DA, Speakman JR. Energy balance and its components: implications for body weight regulation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Apr;95(4):989-94. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.036350
TotalEnergyExpenditure(TEE)isanestimateofanindividual’stotalenergyexpenditure,orthecaloriesexpendedbyone’sbodyinatwenty-four hourperiod.WhiletherearemultiplemethodsforcalculatingTEE,werecommendusingtheNationalInstituteofHealth(NIH)BodyWeight Planner. Learn more about this innovative calculator below!